Classroom And Environmental Accommodations For ADHD

By Ryan McDonald


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder affects about three to five percent of the population. With its rampant nature, almost every teacher is likely to encounter it at one point in life. This calls for tactics on classroom and environmental accommodations for ADHD. This will help you deal with instances of disruptive behaviors like leaving the seat, calling out and interrupting activities.

To make classroom learning easier, these students should sit close to the teacher. Keep them away from disruptive environments like doors and windows. Create more spaces between desks and ensure that the teacher is close to the student when teaching. Seat cushions, foot rests and resistant bands, among others should be provided to assist such students to improve focus.

Expect tests and assignments along the education path that are mandatory for all students. With restrictions on how much assistance you can provide, you should break down or simplify sentences as well as make the questions fewer for them. Be ready to extend time to enable such a student to complete the test. Further provide a quiet environment for the exam.

Strict education and examination rules will only disadvantage the student as opposed to assisting him or her meet learning goals. When it is time to mark the test or examination, avoid paying attention to neatness. On individual questions, do not be tempted to focus on the answer. Rather, give credit to work done instead of taking points away because the assignment was partially done or late. Such students will not handle long assignments.

The classroom environment is crucial in determining how well a student grasps the content. Though the instructions are written on scripts, they should be read out loud. The use of pictures and images makes instructions easier to understand. It helps if a buddy of the student can take the notes on his behalf. Constantly check on the student to ensure that he or she understood the lesson. Simplify and clarify the instructions if your student is struggling.

ADHD students display extraordinary behaviors from time to time. Do not be shocked by naive or innocent acts from time to time. Other than shout back at such a student, discuss the behavior calmly with the aim of correcting it. Some students may be undergoing personal frustrations that may elicit extreme reactions. Be conscious of such reactions and ignore the mild ones that are less disruptive.

Tests are likely to disadvantage an ADHD student. Make provisions for extended time to accommodate distractions. The assignments or tests should be spaced so that the student does not feel overwhelmed. Allow verbatim scripting alongside assistive devices like voice to text software, spellcheckers, reference charts and calculators, among others.

ADHD is impossible to treat. The interventions and medicines available are only meant to manage symptoms and improve the functioning of such students or staff. Some of these intervention measures include medication, training, education, physiotherapy or a combination of these interventions. Remember that the symptoms may vary from one person to the other. Attention to individual condition allows such a person to achieve full potential.




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